انت هنا الان : شبكة جامعة بابل > موقع الكلية > نظام التعليم الالكتروني > مشاهدة المحاضرة

Electrochemistry

Share |
الكلية كلية الهندسة/المسيب     القسم هندسة السيارات     المرحلة 3
أستاذ المادة جعفر هادي عبود المياح       31/10/2018 12:38:55
Module 5 : Electrochemistry
Lecture 25 : Corrosion
Objectives
After studying this Lecture, you will be able to
Outline the electrochemical basis for corrosion.
Illustrate the use Pourbaix diagrams
Outline the kinetic features involved in the corrosion process
List the protective measures against corrosion and highlight the mechanisms involved in the protection.
25.1 Introduction
When common metals such as Fe, Cu and Zn are exposed to the environment, the surface of these materials
gets deteriorated due to its interaction with the oxygen, moisture and other substances present in the
environment. This process is referred to as corrosion. In the case of iron, the process is referred to as
rusting. Due to corrosion, the surface of iron gets covered with brownish ferric oxide, Cu gets coated with a
green deposit and Zn is covered with a white deposit. About 20% of production of these metals is to make
up for the loss of these metals due to corrosion. The need for environmentally friendly technologies to
combat corrosion can not be over emphasized.
The process of corrosion has an electrochemical (thermodynamic) basis. The surfaces of metals such as Fe,
Cu, contain impurities and lattice defects and are reactive when they come in contact with air, moisture,
acidic and or basic environments. One part of the surface acts as the anode of a galvanic cell and oxidation
that occurs in this part results in the formation of Fe 2+/Cu 2+ ions. These ions go into the solution formed
by the condensed water vapour or the acidic / basic fluids which come into contact with this part of the
surface. The electrons released in this oxidation Fe Fe 2+ + 2e, Cu Cu 2+ + 2e easily travel through
the conducting medium of the metal until they come into contact with H+ of an acidic neighborhood or
O2/H2O in a neutral or basic neighborhood and react with them. The reactions involved in these reduction
processes are
Table 25.1 : Reduction reactions involved in corrosion
Reaction Nature of the solution Eo / V
H + + e 1/ 2 H 2 (g) acidic 0
O 2 + 4H+ + 4e 2H 2 O Acidic 1.23
O 2 + 2H 2 O + 4e 4OH - Neutral / basic 0.40
The movement/migrations of ions in the surrounding medium completes the “circuit” consisting of
production of cations, electron flow (inside the metallic medium) and ionic movement.
The extent and the rate of corrosion depends on the presence of active sites (usually “rough” surfaces) on
the metallic surface and the availability of O2 on the metallic surface (for the cathodic reduction). Sharp or
pointed ends of the metal are known to act as anodic sites. The oxidation and reduction sites can be
demonstrated by the use of suitable indicators on the metallic surfaces. When a metal is in contact with
another (a second metal) whose oxidation potential is greater, the second metal gets oxidized in preference
to the first. Even if different parts of a metal are exposed to different concentrations/pressures of O2, the
oxidation of the metal occurs in regions of lower concentrations of oxygen.

المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .
الرجوع الى لوحة التحكم