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carburizing of Ti–6Al–4V alloy by laser melting

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 جعفر هادي عبود المياح 21/02/2018 10:59:43
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Surface carburizing of a Ti–6Al–4V alloy using laser melting has been investigated experimentally, with
the aim of increasing surface hardness and hence improving related properties such as wear and
erosion resistance. The surface of the material was coated with graphite prior to laser irradiation.
Carburizing was achieved by a laser alloying mechanism, which includes melting the substrate and
dissolution of the graphite in the liquid state. Two different types of lasers were used: (i) a continuous
wave CO2 (CW CO2) laser with a maximum power of 3 kW, and (ii) a pulsating Nd–YAG laser with a
maximum power per pulse of 100 W. Optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, EDS-analysis,
and X-ray diffraction were carried out to analyze the microstructure and identify phases of the
carburized layers. The results show that the carburized layers produced by CW CO2 and Nd–YAG lasers
are macroscopically homogeneous and have gradient features. The microstructures consisted of TiC
crystals in the matrix of a0-Ti. The TiC crystals are either in the form of particles or dendrites. The depths
to which these layers extend ranged from about 0.2–0.5 mm, depending on the treatment parameters.
The volume fraction of the dendrites was found to decrease with increasing laser power or increasing
traverse speed. Microhardness has been found to be directly related to the volume fraction and the size
of the TiC phase. It increased to a value ranging from 500 to 800 Hv as compared to 350 Hv for the asreceived

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  • Carburizing, Titanium, Laser

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